National Parks

The national and natural parks are primary targets for the tourists interested in geotourism, and the counties in the Central Region of Romania include a significant part of these special national attractions.

In Alba County, the Vidolm larch forest occupies an area of ​​90 hectares and it is located within the administrative territory of Ocolis Commune. The reservation possesses unique species, but the dominant is the native plant called “larch”, which developed naturally due to favourable conditions at an altitude of 700-120 m. The forest is preserved since the ice age, 18,000 years ago.

The Ighiu Natural Reservation in Albac Resort, Alba County, includes the widest karstic lake in Romania – Iezerul Ighiului – and it is situated in southern Trascau Mountains. Among the flora, the famous edelweiss, protected by law, stands out.

In the same county we can find the Intregalde Reservation (Trascau Massif), 20 km from the Alba Iulia city, having an area of ​​80 ha and a natural monument status. Other reservations in the territory are Caprei (Goat) Keys, Piatra Bulbuci (Water Bubble Rock), Sesul Craiului from Scarita-Belioara, Poiana cu narcise (Daffodils Meadow) from Negrileasa and Tecsesti, Molhasurile from Capatana, Iezerul Sureanu, Rametul Keys, Slobod Forrest, Tinoavele from Luncile Prigoanei or Botanical Garden.

In Sibiu County, Cindrel Natural Park is a complex flora, fauna and special geomorphic formations area, including glacial basins and smooth peaks.

The Alpine Gap of the Fagaras Mountains, which is also located within the administrative territory of Sibiu County, is a protected natural oasis which houses the most beautiful glacial lakes of Fagaras Mountain Massif. The vegetation is dominated by alpine meadows and woody plants, while the fauna is represented by the hawk, mountain jay, chamois, fox, bear, wolf, marten and wild boar.

Suvara Sasilor Botanical Reservation covers an area of 20 hectares and includes rare species of flora and fauna. Sibiu County also owns a number of other natural objectives unique in the world, such as: Arpasel Fauna Reserve, the Eocene Limestones from Turnu Rosu, Balea Lake and Alpine Gap, Lacul fara Fund (Bottomless Lake) Natural Reservation, Zakel Hill, Hasag Muddy Volcanoes or the Mihaileni Canyon.

Covasna County has gained its popularity due to the complex and picturesque natural reservations. Tivonul Luci is the largest flower reservation in Transylvania including poplar, alder, birch, spruce, juniper and a rare species of violet found only in this area. Puciosu-Turia Mountain is a reservation which houses five caves and impresses by the presence of the numerous mineral springs and the mofettes with carbon dioxide emanations, known for their therapeutic effects. Aita Seaca Forrest Point is a paleontological reservation protected by the Romanian law. The Birch Groove from Reci is a botanical reservation, which presents a complex of swamps inhabited by rare species such as, dwarf birch, ferns, Creeping Jenny (Lisymachia nummularia) and wild angelica, alder and caldesia.

In Harghita County, the visitors can admire two very popular natural destinations, Bicaz Keys and Rosu (Red) Lake, geological and landscape reservations of a rare beauty. The Red Lake is a natural dam, the largest mountain lake in Romania, its red colour coming from the iron oxides and hydroxides brought by the Paraul Rosu (Red Brook). Other attractions of this type in Harghita County are the natural reservations Licas Aven, Varghis Keys, Dealul de sare (Salt Hill), Tinovul Mohos and Bicaz Keys National Park.

The territory of Brasov County has many natural reservations, some of them geological and paleontological, and other flora and fauna type. Between Augustin and Racos Communes at the confluence of the Carhaga and Chioves Springs, Carhaga Reservation can be found with the layers of grey or blue marl, very rich in animal fossils. Ormenis Reservation is the second fossil point of Persani Mountains, and the Purcareni Reservation houses a massive block of limestone containing a rich coral fauna.

Other flora and fauna type reservations in Brasov County are: Piatra Craiului, Tampa, Bucegi Mountains, Tigaile of Ciucas, Eutrophic Swamps of Barsa County and Poiana Narciselor (Daffodils Meadow).

Mures County is another destination perfect for nature lovers, due to the true natural treasures on its territory. The Mociar Forest from Solovastru comprises some of the oldest trees in Romania, over 700 years old. The Dendrological Park of Gurghiu, located on the Gurghiul Valley, holds exotic species of trees brought from Australia, North America and Japan. Together with the Bota Mare Valley from Zau de Campie (Field Zau) and the Sovata Salt Mountain, the Mures County includes some of the most beautiful natural reservations in our country.