The Peasant Fortress of Cârţa (1444)

The Peasant Fortress of Cârţa

Monuments and Archaeological sites

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The name of the Carta peasant fortress, situated in the village with the same name, in Harghita County, appears for the first time in documents in 1566, although the archaeological excavations have shown that people had lived in the area since the Bronze Age.


Thus, numerous excavations were made in the region, one of the most important discoveries being a bronze warehouse. Among the found artefacts are included several bronze cups, a short sword, a fragment of a bucket and even a bronze statue.


The agricultural works have also been an opportunity for archaeological discoveries; among the found items being several fragments of vessels, which were dated as being from the Dacian period, a hundred or two hundred years before our era. The discovered fragments came from handmade, but also wheel-made vessels.


The Carta Commune can be found in the centre of Harghita County in Ciuc Depression, about 20 kilometres from Miercurea Ciuc. The Carta village is also near the Olt River.


In the eighteenth century, the Carta Commune was part of the 10th Company, the first Seckler infantry regiment, appeared after the Court of Vienna decided to appeal to the local people to guard the Transylvanian military border.


At that time, the peasant city was named Karchifalva.


At that time Carta belonged to Ciuc District (starting from 1876 until 1920 – when Trianon Treaty was signed) and then to Ciuc County (the interwar period).


There are other worth visiting tourist objectives in the area, such as the Roman-Catholic Church and the Madicsa Baths.


We should also mention, in the context of the presentation of the Carta Fortress, the Roman-Catholic Church. It was built around 1500, in Gothic style. The choir place is especially decorated in relief. The fortification elements can be recognized here as well, the church being protected by an enclosure with tower and even a wall of smaller dimensions. Among the church items from the Gothic period, a tabernacle and a font are still preserved in the premises.


For the tourists eager to spend a mini-vacation in the area, it’s good to know that there are not many hostels available in Carta Commune, but you can accommodate in Miercurea Ciuc.

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