The National Museum of Union

The National Museum of Union
Alba iulia


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How could be named the most important museum of Alba Iulia, if not the Museum of Union? Well, it deserves its great name. The Museum of Union in Alba Iulia is one of the largest and more complex museums in Romania due to its history, archaeology and ethnography collections.


But first of all, where can you find the building? On Mihai Viteazul Street at number 12-14.


Then, what can we say about the building? Well, the building is simply impressive. Built in the nineteenth century and serving as a housing complex for the Austro-Hungarian army officers, presently called “Casa Babylon” (Babylon House), its aspect is similar on the one hand with a British castle, those with no sharp top, and on the another hand with an old university in the West.


The light colour of the exterior perfectly pigmented by numerous windows, arranged in rows and painted in red, some of the few towers in good taste that can be found in Romania, these are elements that make the museum tempting before entering.


It’s even more interesting when you’re inside, because there is plenty to see, from the tools from the primitive commune, to some of the documents of the Great Union of 1918. Perhaps the most impressive is, however, the collection of over 55,000 books, from the oldest to the newest.


Not as many, but certainly interesting are the prehistoric objects – made of stone, bone, copper or iron. Then follow other objects from the ancient inhabitants of these lands – the Dacians. All weapons, ornaments and vessels of our ancestors come from Craiva, Cugir and Capalna Fortresses.


Other ancestors of ours, the Romans, they have their side too, with coins, vessels, sculptures and other such things, coming from local sources, from the former Apulum Fortress.


Moving on to a few hundred to over a thousand years later, you encounter the medieval collection of the museum, where you can find everything, meaning folk Romanian, Hungarian and German costumes, marks of the city, rings and earrings or other jewellery from the migratory people, objects of the guilds, icons on glass, coins and so on.


A more important part of the collection, from memorial and sentimental point of view, is the one that contains documents, photographs and objects that recall two of the most important events in the Romanian people history – the 1848 Revolution and the Great Union of 1918.


The “Queen” of the collection is the so-called “Vasile Goldis paper case” which contains documents related to the Union of 1918 and the Declaration given then by the great Roman patriot, as well as his signature.


The Alba Iulia Museum of Union deserves its name. It’s not just a place going through the history of these lands, but also a visual experience.

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