Gurghiu Fortress Ruins – 13th Century

Gurghiu Fortress Ruins

Monuments and Archaeological sites


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Gurghiu is a Mures County commune situated on the river with the same name, near Reghin. The access is done on DJ 153 C, from Reghin or from Remetea.


The tourists who want to visit these places can accommodate at the guesthouses in the area or they can try the comfort of the hotels in Reghin, located within walking distance.


In Gurghiu area you can visit the Reformed and Catholic Churches, you can make trips to the Daffodils Glade or you can climb the nearby hill in order to see the ruins of Gurghiu fortress.


The Gurghiul Fortress is located near the locality, on a hill, at about 500 meters altitude.


There is evidence indicating the use of this height for military purposes even from the period of Dacia occupation, as the Romans had built here a fort to defend Eastern Roman Dacia against barbarian attacks and invasions.


After the Aurelian withdrawal of 271-275, this camp was abandoned by the Roman army and for a millennium there is no evidence certifying that these fortifications were lived and that they functioned.


But history says that due to its strategic position, in the 13th century, the Transylvanian Voivodes raised up a medieval fortress instead of the former Roman Camp with an important defence and administrative organization role.


The walls of this fortress, documented since 1248, were built from river stone, abundant material in the area, and were provided with numerous defensive towers, but also with a floodable ditch. Inside the city, the buildings were divided into areas that served the needs of their residents.


After the Magyars invaded Transylvania in XVI – XVII centuries, the Gurghiu Fortress became an administrative centre again, this time of the Seklers’ Committee, an important function within the Magyar Feudal State.


Under Magyar administration, the Gurghiu area knew economic prosperity, becoming one of the most significant regions in Eastern Transylvania. A document from 1557 shows that it was composed of 27 villages and the administrative centre was Gurghiu Fortress.


In 1708, during the Kurutzy Rebels War, a great part of the fortress was destroyed and nowadays the only building that still stands is the chapel which was raised in the next century, from the remains of the fortification.


There have not been celebrated services in the chapel for a very long time and some people even say it is cursed, given the fact that the last priest who served in it hanged himself.


Over time the Gurghiu Fortress has occupied an important role in economy, politics and development of the region, being one of the most important cities of Transylvania.

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