Culture and Art

The cultural heritage of the counties from the centre of the country is comes from the blending of the Roman culture with the Austro-Hungarian Empire inheritance, kept the Hungarians, Germans and Seklers.

Among the personalities born in Alba County, where the Union of 1600 achieved by Michael the Brave took place, we can also mention the philosopher and the poet Lucian Blaga, the writer and the journalist Ion Agarbiceanu and the poet Vasile Aaron.

“Lucian Blaga” Memorial House of Lancram is perhaps the most important cultural landmark of the county, together with “Avram Iancu” Memorial Museum and the Union National Museum. Alba Iulia can also praise about “Prichindel” (“A bit of a boy”), a puppet theatre founded in 1952.

In Alba, is also worth visiting the “Avram Iancu” Museum (Campeni), the History Museum of Aiud, the Natural Sciences Museum of Aiud, “Pamfil Albu” Ethnographic Museum (Lupsa), the Ethnographic Museum of Rimetea, the Gold Mining Museum of Rosia Montana and “Ioan Raica” Municipal Museum (Sebes).

Sibiu County, the birthplace of important personalities of Romanian culture such as, Emil Cioran and Octavian Goga, is rich in medieval fortresses preserving the local cultural heritage.

The cultural objectives introduced in the National Cultural Patrimony of Sibiu include eight impressive medieval fortresses: the rustic Fortress with Copsa Mare Evangelical Church, Biertan Fortress, Cisnadie Fortress, Medias Fortress, Mosna Fortress, Nocrich Fortress, Saliste Fortress and Sibiu Fortress.

Sibiu town was named in 2007 the European Cultural Capital, an important role in this achievement having been also played by “Radu Stanca” National Theatre, organizer of the International Theatre Festival of Sibiu.

In Brasov County, the National Cultural Patrimony includes several famous medieval fortresses and castles: Bran Castle, Brasovia Fortress (Castrum Brassoviense, Brasovia Burg), Fagaras Fortress and “Cetatuia” (the Citadel) (Der Schloss Berg).

Brasov City is the cultural center of the county, famous for the Philharmonic of Brasov, the Opera of Brasov and “Sica Alexandrescu” Theatre. The bastions and the gates in Brasov must be visited due to the historic value of crafts and arts of this area.

“Biserica Neagra” (the Black Church) of Brasov, built around 1380, is one of the most important cultural landmarks and it is famous for the construction realized in Gothic style.

Other important objectives allowing you to truly appreciate the cultural heritage of Brasov are: “Casa Muresenilor” (Mureseni House) Memorial Museum, where the lives of Muresanu scholars are documented, including Andrei Muresanu, the author of national anthem lyrics “Desteapta-te romane” (Awake, Romanians!) and “Reduta (Redoubt) Concerts House (Reduta Cultural Center).

The traditional pottery from Corund and Danesti is the most popular cultural treasures of Harghita County.

The Miko Fortress Ethnographic Museum, located in the old centre of Miercurea Ciuc city is the living proof for the multiculturalism of the area, which can be discovered through the archaeological collections, of rare books and plastic art.

The Sumuleu Baroque Complex, an important complex of Transylvanian historical monuments, located in north-eastern area of Miercurea Ciuc town, preserves the memory of the Franciscan monks, but the most impressive objective is the current church in Baroque style, with a three registers organ.

Covasna County, the birthplace of some important cultural people of Transylvania such as Elek Benedek, publicist and writer, and Peter Apor, writer, poet and memoirist, is known for its churches and medieval castles ensuring the cultural specificity.

The Fairies Castle is one of the most important Dacian monuments, and the National Cultural Patrimony of Covasna also includes the Pagans Fortress (Balvanyos), built in the tenth century, the Rustic Fortress of Cernat, built in the twelfth century, the Rural Fortress from Ilieni, built in the 15th century and the Rural Fortress from Aita Mare, built in the sixteenth century.

Covasna Cultural Centre, Sfantu Gheorghe Municipal Cultural Centre, but also “Andrei Muresanu” Theatre of Sfantu Gheorghe constitutes the most important landmarks for the local culture.

Mures County is famous for Sighisoara Fortress, but for the multitude of libraries, first of them established in 1557, as part of Schola Particula school.

The Culture Palace of Targu Mures, together with Apollo Palace and the Prefecture Palace hold the most important cultural activities in the county, such as conferences, festivals and concerts.

The ethnographic richness of Mures is pointed out by the large number of fairs, preserving the traditions and the Romanian art: the Lads’ Dance (Saschiz), the Girls Fair (Gurghiu), the Traditional Dance Fair (Targu Mures), the Traditional Costumes Fair (Rusii Munti), the Cherries Fair (Brancovenesti).